Did you know that 84% of the soil degradation across the globe is caused by water and wind erosion? It’s the reason 75% of the global land area is substantially degraded. According to geologists and scientists, if the current rate of degradation continues, we will lose the world’s topsoil cover in less than 60 years. As soil erodes, crops suffer, landscaping fades away, and structures can be easily damaged. Each ton eroded can result in massive losses of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients, which are essential for growing crops. In essence, erosion can lead to rapid degradation of land and its value to farmers.
The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements has reported that we are losing about 30 soccer fields of soil each minute due to intensive farming. Although it’s not considered as a cause of soil erosion, intensive farming highly accelerates the rate of soil erosion on a piece of land. Estimates put this loss at about 4.18 million square kilometers of land degraded each year. It would take at least 500 years to replace soil lost through erosion alone.
For our planet to stay healthy and avoid disastrous loss of soil on the planet, we must address soil erosion both locally and internationally. As the information presented above suggests, the impact of soil erosion in this century is overwhelming. By learning the causes of soil erosion, you can help prevent the effects of soil erosion on our planet’s future. Explore the effects of soil erosion with the following infographic.